Astroparticle Physics, also known as particle physics, is a new field of study in India, which involves the learning of astronomy, particle physics and cosmology. Only physical particles which are astronomic in nature are involved in the study of astroparticle physics. In most countries around the world, astroparticle physics is an advanced stage of astronomy which involves an extensive use of scientific instruments like telescopes and spectroscopes. The different topics that are covered in the study of astroparticle physics are neutrino astronomy, magnetic monopoles, gamma ray astronomy and axions. Physical evidence of all these particles cannot be traced, but astrophysical scientists make mathematical calculations to prove their theories.
Neutrino astronomy is the chief part in the study of astroparticle physics. In this section of the course, the nuclear reactions of the sun and stars are studied and the supernova explosions are observed and recorded. It is with the help of a telescope that the observations are made; so a telescope is the most important instrument that is needed for the study of astroparticle physics.
Astroparticle physics is a contemporary and one of the most specialized courses in the science stream. Therefore only a handful of institutes offer this course in India. A list of the institutes that impart education on astroparticle physics is given below.
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
- The Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune
The job benefits and opportunities after completing studies in astroparticle physics are limited but not unseen in India. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is the chief recruiter of researchers and scientists from this field. Most astroparticle physicists travel abroad to seek employment in organizations like NASA in the US and National Astronomy Laboratory (NAL) in Japan. A few choose to conduct further research in laboratories or join educational institutes to teach budding personnel from the field.