Metallurgy Courses in India are among the more popular technical courses being offered by engineering colleges and universities. India being rich in mineral deposits like hematite, bauxite, magnesite, and chalcopyrite, metal extraction is an important industrial activity. Metal extraction in medieval India was of rudimentary form and was modernized in late 19th and early 20th century.
Metallurgy study programs not only deal in extraction of metals from their respective ores but also their properties and uses. The applications of metal in our everyday lives are so varied and widespread, that a dedicated subject was developed. Metallurgical engineering includes studies in metal extraction processes, their benefits and applications. Every metal has its own physical characteristics like conductivity, ductility, stress and density. The chemical characteristics like reactions towards acids, bases, water and atmospheric conditions are also required to be studied for determining the use of these metals.
A difference in physical and chemical characteristics of the metals determines their uses. The lightness, ductility and conductivity of copper and aluminum make them ideal for uses in electrical wires and equipments. The non corrosive property of iron together with its hardness makes it perfect for used in structures of concrete construction. Many metals are used in the form of alloys. Steel is an alloy of iron which is extremely hard and rust resistant. Rail tracks are always made of steel.
Metallurgical engineers get placements in metal extraction units, heavy machine manufacturing enterprises, electrical companies, and construction companies. Metallurgy being a basic engineering science has universal application across all manufacturing sectors.
Metallurgy Institutes in India
Metallurgy is taught at both the graduate and post graduate levels in the premier engineering colleges and universities. Some of the leading colleges awarding degree in metallurgy include:
Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai – 600036; Website: www.iitm.ac.in Course: B. Tech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Duration: 4 years
Bengal Engineering and Science University, Botanic garden, Howrah – 711103, West Bengal, Tel.: 033-26684561; Website: www.becs.ac.in
Course: B. E. in Metallurgical Engineering
Duration: 4 years
Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221005; Tel.0542-2307081 : Website:http://www.becs.ac.in
Course: B. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering
Duration: 4 years
Course: M. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering
Duration: 2 years
Scope of Metallurgy in India
Metallurgical jobs are among the most coveted in India. Metal extractors like Tata Steel, Steel Authority of India (SAIL), Hindustan Copper Limited, Hindalco Industries Limited, and Jindal Steel are the major recruiters of metallurgical consultants. Among the electrical industries, Finolex Cables Limited and Cable Corporation of India are the leading employers of metallurgy scholars.
Scope outside India
Overseas, students after successfully completing metallurgy courses in India are offered placements as metallurgical technicians, metallurgical engineers, and process analysts. Organizations in metal extraction industry, alloy manufacturing plants, and heavy machinery units appoint qualified metallurgical professionals.