NGO, or a non governmental organization, is a body that is recognized by the legal constitution of a country but is managed by an individual or a group of persons working independently from the control of the government. The term ‘non governmental organization’ was coined by the United Nations and has been in use to describe any body that is run by a private group of individuals which does not keep the business profit factor in mind while contributing to the good of the society.
Traditionally, a non governmental organization is privately managed and operated, but in certain cases the government does provide funds for the maintenance and functioning of a widely recognized NGO. In this case, the non governmental organization maintains the status of a private body by excluding the membership of government individuals within the body.
An NGO is started to contribute and to fulfill certain stated social aims. But today, as the NGO grows in size and gains popularity among the masses, it also gets monetary help from different political parties and takes on a political color. But there is a clear difference between the terms non governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations.
Career in Non Governmental Organizations
With the advent of professional courses in different colleges across India, a job in a NGO has evolved as one of the chosen career options in the country. There are different types of NGOs operating in different Indian cities and working in these organizations will not only give you social recognition but will also bring you closer to humanity and life in general. All NGOs, especially the expansive non governmental organizations, have to recruit several people in order to manage the operations and oversee the proper functioning of the organization. The different job profiles that an aspirant can choose to be a part of in an NGO are:
- Advocacy and Human Rights
- Health & Medicine
- Literacy and Education
- Justice & Law
- Media and Broadcasting
- Computer & Technology
- Disaster Management
- Employment & Generation of Income
- Sports & Vacation
- Disabled and Handicapped Management
- Overall Governance
- Development of Surroundings
- Enterprise & Micro Finance
Career Qualifications for Working in a Non Governmental Organization
Traditionally, no specific educational qualifications were necessary for pursuing a career in a non governmental organization. In fact, several people became involved with a NGO out of sheer love for serving humanity, while also pursuing a full fledged career in some other field of work. Today, with the rise of NGOs in the country and with more investments being made in a non governmental organization, people are interested to pursue a career with one of the reputed NGOs in their towns or cities and in other places across the country.
Some basic academic qualifications necessary to secure a position in a NGO are:
- Bachelor Degree
- A degree or certificate course in PR and Management
- A certificate course in TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages)
- Course in NGO Management is an added advantage
- A general awareness of administration, global events and issues, community development and information management
- A certificate course or MBA in Finance and Human Resources
Institutes Providing Education and Training for a Career in NGOs
With the increase in the number of NGOs in India, several courses have been introduced in Indian educational institutes to provide the necessary academic courses and training to prepare an aspirant for a career with a Non Governmental Organization. Here is a list of the institutes where you can pursue a degree for working in NGOs:
- Amity Institute of NGO Management
- Karl Kubel Institute for Development education
- Centre for Social Initiative and Management
Working in an NGO is a job of great responsibility, hard work and dedication. Therefore mere academic qualifications are not enough to build a successful career in non governmental organizations.