Arabian Sea, Lakshadweep is a popular destination for education, with its high literacy rate as per the 2011 census. With 27 islands, of which 10 are inhabited, this island destination ranks third in terms of literacy in the country as per the 2001 census. The average literacy rate of Lakshadweep as per 2011 census is 92.28. Total male literacy rate accounted for 96.11 and female literacy rate stood at 88.25 as per the census.
As the smallest Union Territory of India the islands have taken major step in bringing up the literacy rate. They adopted the total literacy campaign in 1992 for the same. They also adopted the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, which was an initiative by the Government of India, to provide elementary education to all children from the age group of 6 years to 14 years. The schools and colleges in Lakshadweep are mainly located in the ten inhabited islands.
Education System in Lakshadweep:
Education system saw a huge transformation here From ancient way of teaching to the modern schools introducing new subjects, the place saw it all. Lakshadweep was initially had the madrasa concept of education. This is where the Islamic theologies and Koran was taught. By 1956, modern schools came up along with the madrasas. As the students had to attend the madrasas during the day, the modern schools functioned during the noon till 4pm. These schools were merely government schools, which taught subjects like Malayalam, arithmetic and Canarese.
Primary education in Lakshadweep:
Primary education was initially imparted by the Islamic institutions in mosques and madrasas. This was supplemented by Government schools that came up with an aim to impart education to more and more pupils in the Union Territory. Amini was the first island destination to see a government school in Lakshadweep. It came up in the year 1904. This was followed by several other schools for elementary education in places like Kiltan, Chetlat, Agatti, Androth and Kavaratti. After the States Reorganization Act in 1956, Lakshadweep has come up in big way with a string of schools for elementary education. Many of these primary educational centers are still functional while some have closed down.
The types of schools present in the territory are balwadi, pre-primary, junior basic school, senior basic school, high school and senior secondary school. The rise in number of educational institutions the year 1997 till 2002 led to Lakshadweep being a favorite educational destination.
There are senior secondary schools in Minicoy, Andrott, Kadmat Island and Kavaratti. Medium of instruction is English and Malayalam. Apart from the usual courses and subjects offered by the schools, there are prevocational courses too. Coir Technology and Fisheries Technology is offered as a part of such prevocational courses in schools of Lakshadweep. There are special fisheries and coir technology instructors to impart such knowledge. Educational institutes offering such courses are well equipped with learning equipments for the same.
Well known schools that are functional in Lakshadweep are:
|Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya||CBSE||Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Minicoy Ut Of Lakshadweep|
|Kendriya Vidyalaya||CBSE||Kendriya Vidyalaya Kavaratti, Union Territory Lakshadweep.|
|Minicoy Senior Secondary School||CBSE||Minicoy Island, Dist. Lakshadweep, U.T. of Lakshadwep-682559|
Colleges in Lakshadweep:
For higher education, students had to travel to the mainland. The problem however, was solved by the Jawaharlal Nehru College, which was set up in the year 1972. It was the first of its kinds to come up in Lakshadeep. The college is located in Kavaratti and is affiliated to the Calicut University. It offers courses in three groups. This includes:
1)physics, mathematics and chemistry
2)biology, physics and chemistry
3)economics, Indian history and world history
Just like Jawaharlal Nehru College, many other colleges in Lakshadweep are affiliated to the University of Calicut. The Union Territory is yet to come up in a big way in terms of promoting higher education. This is due to lack of sufficient educational institutes. Government though is promoting it through various schools and colleges it has in Lakshadweep.
Colleges in Lakshadweep offer degree courses with specializations in subjects like Computer Applications, English, World History, Zoology, Botany, British History, Chemistry, Physics, Fisheries, World History, Mathematics and others. The colleges also focus on other aspects such as grooming and self developments. This is to make the students able enough to face the competitive world.
Well known colleges in Lakshadweep are:
Jawaharlal Nehru College
Courses offered- BA, BSc, Post Graduate Diploma, Certificate Courses
Mahatma Gandhi College
Courses offered- Degree courses in Arts, Science and Technology
Professional courses available in Lakshadweep:
|Type of Course||Name of College||Courses offered|
|Certificate Course||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Certificate courses in Computing|
|Diploma Course||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Diploma in Disaster Management|
|PG Diploma||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||PG Diploma in Health and Hospital Management|
|Certificate Course||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Certificate courses in Food and Nutrients|
|Certificate Course||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Certificate courses in Environment Studies|
|PG Diploma||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||PG Diploma in Rural Development|
|Both Graduation and PG Courses||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Paramedical Courses|
|PG Course||Government Jawaharlal Nehru College||Mass Communication|
|Courses||Mahatma Gandhi College||Technical|
|Courses||Mahatma Gandhi College||Humanities|
Education for non resident students:
There are seats reserved for non resident students in Lakshadweep. Though, students need to appear for the entrance tests and the qualifying rounds organized by the colleges.
Education for Foreign students:
Government colleges offering professional courses in medical science, engineering and others have quota reserved for Foreign/NRI students.
Hostels and accommodation:
Lakshadweep is a favorite destination not only for tourism but for education as well. Hostels and accommodations are one of the reasons behind it. Senior Secondary Schools in Andrott and Kadmat have hostel facilities. There are special facilities for the Schedule Tribes in the Union Territory. Free boarding is provided to the resident candidates. If the institutes have hostel facility, these are made available to the students. For schedule tribes in the territory, hostel dues are paid by the Lakshadweep administration.