Education in Mumbai has not only achieved qualitative excellence but also provided education to the maximum number of people through expanded network of schools (Primary as well as Secondary), colleges and universities. Success of the educational initiatives can be observed in the literacy rate of suburban Mumbai, which stands at 90.90% (as per 2011 census provisional data).
The strong base of education in Mumbai is created through the wide network of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools. If we consider the total number of BMED-run schools, CBSE and ICSE affiliated schools, secondary and higher secondary schools then the total number goes way above four thousand. Educational infrastructure of higher education is also very strong because of the presence of large number of qualitative colleges and universities. There are 12 universities and more than three hundred junior colleges in Mumbai itself.
High Tech Education and Initiatives in Mumbai
State Government and local authorities have realised the importance of IT (Information Technology) and thus an initial investment of five crore rupees has been done by MKC (Maharashtra knowledge Corporation), a newly constituted body. This project has been started to provide IT-enabled education to colleges, educational institutions and universities. At present some of the institutes that provide IT-enabled education in Mumbai are VESIT (Vivekanand Education Society’s Institute of Technology), VJTI (Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute) and IIT-B (Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay).
Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Schooling in Mumbai
Schooling creates the base of a person. Thus, every person in India should have a proper schooling. However, till date this has not been achieved. However, Mumbai is striding forward to provide its inhabitants with basic schooling facilities. In fact, literacy rate in suburban Mumbai has crossed the 90% mark, as per the provisional data of 2011 census. The figure states the strong base of education in Mumbai.
Basically, there are three types of schools present in Mumbai:
1. Government Aided Or Public Schools
Most of the schools present in Mumbai are government aided ones, which are again affiliated to Maharashtra State Board of Education. Many schools are operated by Municipal Corporation of Mumbai, which follow SSC (Secondary School Certificate) curriculum. Education is absolutely free in these schools.
2. Private Schools
Most of these schools are affiliated by either CBSE or ICSE. Curriculum of these schools is updated regularly so that they can match international standards of education. All round development of the students are kept in mind by these schools. Education in the private schools is not free. Fees of these schools range between US$ 5,000 to US$ 8,000 per annum. Bombay Scottish School, Jamnabai Narsee School, Aditya Birla World Academy, Podar International School and many more are some of the renowned private schools in Mumbai.
3. International Schools
Expats generally prefer to send their children to these types of schools which on one hand provide International Baccalaureate (IB) program and home-country teaching curriculum and language, on the other. Average annual academic fees in these schools are US$ 20,000. In addition, there are supplementary fees, ranging between US$ 10,000 to US$ 15,000.
Education in Colleges and Universities
As already mentioned in the beginning of this page, highest quality of education in Mumbai has made it the preferred education hub of South East Asia. Colleges in Mumbai offer a variety of streams and subjects including Arts, Commerce, Engineering, Social Work, medical, Physical Education, Fine Arts, Law and many more. Apart from the regular colleges, there are colleges that offer specialized subjects. Junior College level is studied in almost all the colleges of Mumbai. Higher Secondary Education and Maharashtra State Board for Secondary govern Junior Colleges.
Mumbai is the hot spot for pursuing research on every subject. There are twelve universities in Mumbai and various renowned research institutes. This creates perfect environment for students to pursue their higher education and research. This is why students throughout India have started to prefer Mumbai over other cities for their higher education as well as research.
Some of the well known colleges and research institutes of Mumbai include Sophia College for Women, St. Xavier’s College, Narsee Monjee College of Commerce & Economics, K J Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Government Law College, S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies and others.
Distance Education in Mumbai
This type of education is mostly apt for those students who are either financially weak or don’t have the time/scope to pursue regular education. This is why busy professionals, economically weaker students and housewives mostly go for distance education, which is available at comparatively lower cost.
This type of education has various advantages, such as:
- Helps in career growth through higher education
- Provides flexible education, which enables professionals to pursue education while working
- Enables a person to grow and develop his/her skills
- Helps in increasing the pay package
Some of the renowned colleges and institutes of distance education in Mumbai include IGNOU, Institute of Distance & Learning (IDOL) of University of Mumbai, Sikkim Manipal University, Sikkim manipal University and many more. Special Education Courses
There are many students who have special learning needs. Courses that address these special educational needs are known as special education course. These courses have specially designed instructions so that the special needs of the students are addressed properly. Some of the important institutes that provide these educational courses in Mumbai include Dikush Teacher Training in Special Education, Mind’s College of Education Research Society for the Care Treatment & Training of Children in Need of Social Care, S.N.D.T. Women’s University, Deptt. of Special Education, The Spastics Society of India, Hashu Advani College of Special Education and many more.
Educational Statistics of Mumbai
|Total Literacy Rate||85.6 %|
|Male Literacy Rate||90 %|
|Female Literacy Rate||82.7 %|
|No. of People called Literates in Mumbai||2551669|
|No. of General Studies Colleges||215|
|No. of Engineering & Technical Institutes||67|
|No. of Management Institutes||46|
|No. of Applied Arts Colleges||19|
|No. of Law Study Centers||14|
|No. of Universities||12|