Education in Pune, or Poona as the city was called before independence from British rule, has its roots in the early phase of the 19th century. With the fall of the Marathas in the year 1818 and establishment of the British Raj, Pune came to be known as ‘the Oxford of the East’. The name was drawn from the fact that Pune was home to higher education institutes and research centers even during the pre-independence era.
Today, Pune is the chosen destination for pursuing professional courses of study like engineering and mass communication. Pune has the third oldest engineering college of Asia, the College of Engineering Pune, which is now an autonomous institute. The Symbiosis International University which has departments like business management, media studies or computer studies, operates 33 colleges or study centers. Armament and military research organizations of India are mostly located in Pune, so students willing to study these courses will have to travel to the city to take admissions. The Armed Forces Medical College, the Film and Television Institute of India, the National Defence Academy, the ILS Law College and the Lalit Kala Kendra are some of the institutes that have helped to make Pune a popular city for education in India.
Today Pune colleges and universities receive applications from not only Indians but also foreign students and professionals. A survey conducted in the year 2010 shows that Pune has more educational institutes than any other place in the world. The city has the largest center for teaching Japanese to Indian and foreign students. Schools in Pune follow either the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education syllabus.
Many notable people have completed their education in Pune. Some of them are as follows:
- Rahul Bajaj, the chairman & managing director of Bajaj Auto was a student of the department of mechanical engineering of the University of Pune.
- Amrita Thapar, Miss India Universe 2005 was a student of the School of Fashion Technology.
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak – India’s famous freedom fighter was a student of the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute.
- Rajeet Ranjan Sinha, the producer of Zee News studied mass communication from University of Pune.
- Marathi film, television and theater personality Sharad Talwalkar passed out from Bhave High School in Pune.
Premier Educational Institutes of Pune
Public, government aided and private higher education institutes dot the city of Pune, making it the Indian city with the maximum number of learning centers. Listed below are the best colleges and universities of Pune which receive applications from Indian and international candidates every academic session.
University of Pune
Built in the year 1948, this university has been awarded the grade A by the NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council) for its classrooms, faculty and courses of study. There are 46 departments of study in the university. 70 research institutes are affiliated to the University of Pune.
College of Engineering, Pune
Set up in the year 1854, this is the third oldest engineering institute of Asia. The COEP was also one of the first institutes built by the British in pre-independent India. Started as the Poona Engineering Class and Mechanical School, this institute was first under the affiliation of the University of Bombay. It came under the affiliation of the University of Pune in 2003. Undergraduate degree and diploma courses are offered by the institute.
Deccan Education Society
This institute was built in 1884 as an administrative structure to manage and control the working of other education institutes in Pune. Today, there are 43 institutes in Maharashtra run by the DES. Some of them are Fergusson College, Mumbai BMCC, Sangli Kirti College and Pune Willington College.
Founded in the year 1885, Fergusson College was the first privately governed college of the country. It was run by the Deccan Education Society. The college departments are divided into the Junior Wing and the Senior Wing. The former comprises higher secondary studies and the latter comprises undergraduate and postgraduate studies. The college offers bachelor’s degree in 29 subjects and master’s degree in 16 subjects in the fields of arts and science.
Film and Television Institute of India
This is a fully autonomous central government institute that was established in 1960. The FTII holds membership of the International Liaison Centre of Schools of Cinema and Television (CILECT), an organization of leading film & television schools of the world. The ‘Centre of Excellence’ award was conferred by the Parliament to the FTII in the year 2011. It now enjoys the status and privileges of a university.
Symbiosis International University
Established in the year 1971, the SIU is a private multi institutional university that enjoys grade A ranking by NAAC, and recognition by the AICTE and UGC. A total of 117 courses are offered by the SIU in 71 programs spread across the fields of management, sciences, media & communication, humanities and law.
Armed Forces Medical College
Controlled by the Indian Armed Forces, this is one of the most popular medical schools of India. Aside from MBBS, undergraduate and postgraduate courses in nursing, dentistry and paramedical studies are also offered here. Research facilities in the field of medicine are also provided. There are 25 female admissions in the college every year. All students of the college must join the Indian Armed Forces after completion of the courses.
National Defence Academy
This is the training ground for the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy. The pre-commissioning training is provided by Param Vir Chakra and Ashoka Chakra recipients.
ILS Law College
The Indian Law Society’s Law College was set up in 1924. The college was ranked at number 7 in the AC Nielson – India Today rankings of 2010 – 2011. Three – year and five – year degree courses in law are provided by the college.
Education Statistics of Pune
|Total Literacy Rate||87.19%|
|Female Literacy Rate||81.13%|
|Male Literacy Rate||92.72%|
|No. of Literate People in Pune||7288517|
|No. of Universities||9|
|No. of Defence Forces Institutes||7|
|No. of Engineering Institutes||61|
Major Universities in Pune
- University of Pune
- Dr D Y Patil University
- Bharathi Vidyapeeth Deemed University
- Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute
- Institute of Armament Technology
- Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
- Symbiosis International University
- Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
- Indian Institute of Science Education and Research
- Dnyaneshwar Vidyapeeth
Top Schools in Pune
- Loyola High School
- St Vincents High School and Junior College
- Bishop’s School
- St Mary’s School
- J N Petit Technical High School
- St Anne’s School
- Vidyaship Public School
- Abhinav Vidyalaya English Medium School
- Delhi Public School
- Rosary High School
Top Colleges in Pune
The top colleges in different streams are as follows:
Top Engineering Colleges
- College of Engineering Pune
- Maharashtra Institute of Technology
- International Institute of Information Technology
- MIT School of Distance Education
- Dhole Patil College of Engineering
Top Medical Colleges
- Armed Forces Medical College
- B J Medical College
- Dhondumama Sathe College
- M A Rangoonwala College
- Sassoon General Hospital
Top MBA Colleges
- Symbiosis Institute of Business Management
- Indira Institute of Management
- Sinhgad Institute of Management
- Symbiosis Center for Information Technology
- International School of Business and Media
Top Science Colleges
- SNDT College of Home Science
- Fergusson College
- Yashwantrao Mohite College of Arts, Science and Commerce
- Sinhgad College of Pharmacy
- Poona College of Arts Science and Commerce
Top Fashion Designing Colleges
- School of Fashion Technology
- Satej – The School for Art and Technological Education in Jewellery
- Creative-I College of Creative Arts
Top Journalism Colleges
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication
- Indira School of Communication
- Indian Institute of Management Training
- Indian Centre for Mass Communication
- ISB&M School of Communication
Top Law Colleges
- Asian School of Cyber Laws
- Deccan Education Societies Law College
- ILS Law College
- Naralkar Institute of Career Development & Research
- Symbiosis Law School
Top Acting/Drama Colleges
- The Bishop’s School
Top Music Colleges
- University of Pune
- Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
Top Animation Colleges
- WLC College India
- Zee Institute of Creative Art
- Megatron Animation Academy
- Frameboxx Animation & Visual Effects
- Keyframes Animation Digital Media Academy
Latest Events in the Education Sector
Several education reforms took place in the year 2011 in Pune. The fees of private schools in Pune were reduced after protests from guardians and NGOs. The school fees were also regulated under the Maharashtra Educational institutions (Regulation of Collection of Fee) Act. This means that a greater number of children can now receive education from schools in Pune.
Emphasis was given to school education this year; the syllabus of standards IX and XI were revamped in order to introduce more contemporary subjects of study that would help at the higher education level.