Meghalaya has a literacy rate of 75.48% as per Census 2011 (it is 77.17% for males and 73.78% for females).
Over the years the literacy rate has shown an overall improvement escalating from 26.92% in the year 1961 to around 63.31% in the year 2001.
Meghalaya is also the first state to introduce the concept of “communitization”. This model has been applied at the elementary level 0f education. In this model of education, the committees or the governing body of government aided or government schools have prominent citizens heading these committees.
The Education Department in Meghalaya strives hard to live up to probable challenges that may arise in the Human Resource Development sector of the state. It is also promoting the concept of Right to Free and Compulsory Education in the state.
The state government has also introduced midday meals in schools in June 2011. It has been observed that following the introduction of the midday meal plan, the percentage of non attending students which was earlier 25% has slashed to 16%, showing a marked improvement by 9%.
Education system in Meghalaya
There are a couple of pitfalls in the education sector, especially when the question of schooling facilities is cited. For instance, it has been observed (as per Annual Status of Education Report), that around 7% of children aged between 6 and 14 do not go to school.
Children between 3 and 6 do not attend any pre-primary or preparatory school in the state. The area that is affected the most as far as elementary education in the state is concerned is Jaintia Hills.
The report also cited the probable reasons for such a scenario at the school level. One of the prominent reasons is low salary of teachers. Surprisingly, until few years back, a teacher in the rural area was paid not more than rupees 1800.
Nevertheless, the education scenario is looking up and the government is also introducing newer concepts in the education sector. A classical example is the proposal to introduce Chinese language in schools in Meghalaya.
As of August 12th 2011, the government announced that soon Chinese may be included in the course curriculum in schools. By doing so, students will have better opportunity to bag a job in China. While announcing the proposal, the Chief Minister of the state Mukul Sangma, also stated that there are many students who are undertaking trips to China for pursuing medical studies.
Chinese will be introduced in most of the schools that are state-run. In this way, students will enjoy an edge over their competitors.
Compulsory and free education is offered to students until the age of 14. The state has colleges that offer academic courses in Arts, Science, and Commerce. A student can also seek admission into the University for higher education. Primary education in Meghalaya
Meghalaya Board of School Education deals with issues related to SSLC and HSSLC. Read on to know names of few well known schools in the state of Meghalaya.
|Name of School||Location||Affiliating Board|
|Assam Rifles Public School||Shillong||CBSE|
|B.K Bajoria School||Boyce Road Shillong||CBSE|
|Army School||Umroi Military Station||CBSE|
|St Edmund’s School||Laitumkhrah Shillong||ICSE|
|Tura Public School||Tura||ICSE|
|Pine Mount School||Shillong||ICSE|
Graduation and PG level and courses
Shillong College, St Edmunds College, Women’s College, and Union Christian College are few of the better known colleges in Meghalaya. Other colleges include St Mary’s College, Synod College, and St Anthony’s College.
Most of these colleges offer study programs in Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce, and Bachelor of Science.
North Eastern Hill University or NEHU and Martin Luther Christian University or MLCU are 2 universities in Meghalaya. The universities are situated in Shillong. NEHU also has a campus at Tura.
Professional options available in Meghalaya
Meghalaya has many professional colleges. These include engineering, medical, law, and management colleges.
Meghalaya also boasts of having one of the IIMs in the country. IIM Shillong is the 7th IIM of the country.
|Type of Colleges||College Name||Courses offered||Admission/Eligibility Criteria|
|Management||Indian Institute of Management Shillong/Shillong Engineering and Management College||MBA/Post Graduate/Fellow Programs||Common Admission Test|
|Engineering||Shillong Engineering and Management College||Computer Science and Engineering/Electronics and Communication Engineering/Information Technology||Entrance Test and pass in 10+2 with Physics, Mathematics, and Science as compulsory subjects|
|Law||Department of Law, NEHU||B.A LLB (Honors) Integrated||Marks obtained in last examination|
|Nursing||North eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Medical Health and Sciences||Bachelor of Science (Nursing)||Entrance Test and age limit between 17 and 25 years with English, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics as compulsory subjects at 10+2|
Education for non resident students
The state also has students from the adjacent states that come here to pursue a career in various fields.
Education for Foreign students in Meghalaya
North Eastern Hill University is the affiliating body for most of the colleges in the state of Meghalaya. It offers educational opportunities for foreign or NRI students.
As far as the Master’s programs are concerned that includes doctorate programs and MPhil programs in Library and Information Sciences, Chemistry, Physics, Anthropology, Biochemistry, Zoology, Botany, Geography, Philosophy, History, and Sociology, approximately 2 to 5 seats are allotted to foreign students. In other words, 10% of the seats are kept vacant for foreign students in every department.
Hostels and accommodation in Meghalaya
Finding the right hostel accommodation is of utmost importance when students are planning to spend the next few years in the state. Given below are names of few hostels in the state.
St Thomas Hostel
Delamere Girls’ Hostel
St Francis Boys’ Home