Nagaland has a literacy rate of 80.11%, being 83.29% for males and 76.69% for females as per Census 2011. According to Census 2001, the literacy rate in the state was 66.59%. So, a change of 13.52% is registered. This only proves that the state has grown by leaps and bounds in the education sector.
Since 1967, English has been the official language of the state of Nagaland following announcement by the Nagaland Assembly.
Primary, elementary, and secondary education is taken care of by the state government. Children 14 years and below are entitled to “free and compulsory education” in the state.
In May 2010, it was decided that special educational and allied programs like Mahila Samakhya Scheme, Girls’ Hostel Scheme, Model Schools Scheme, Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan, and Sarva Siksha Abhiyan would come under Nagaland Education Mission Society.
These steps were taken basically to foster elementary education in the state. The new arrangement is being made along the lines of CSS or Centrally Sponsored Schemes and RMSA or Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan.
According to the new education policy, the main focus was to uplift the districts that are educationally backward. Also included in the program was construction of hostels for girls and revamping the educational curriculum of the government middle schools.
As per a survey (Household Child Census) that was conducted in the year 2009, there were as many as 26,852 children who were “out of school”.
The state government is trying hard to improve education infrastructure facilities in the state. For instance, as of August 18th 2011, the Department of School Education has been directed by the Nagaland government to see into it that every school is equipped with potable and clean drinking water.
In this regard, it has been suggested that water pitchers as well as water filters need to be installed in every school.
Education system in Nagaland
Nagaland has many educational tiers starting with primary school to university studies. The Nagaland Board of School Education aims at achieving the following-
- Plan and organize educational seminars and workshops for the teaching staff and principals of institutions.
- Carrying out inspection of schools to evaluate the educational standards
- Bringing about reform in educational assessment methodologies
- Guiding the state government in bringing about educational reforms in the state
- Preparing the syllabi, selecting textbooks, and course curricula for different courses
- Release examination results
The state has 2 universities, 40 plus colleges, 236 high schools, 418 middle schools, and 1399 primary schools.
Primary education in Nagaland
Most of the schools in Nagaland are affiliated to NBSE or Nagaland Board of Secondary Education. Few schools are also affiliated to the CBSE Board.
Given below are names of few schools in the state along with their location and affiliating board.
|Name of school||Location||Affiliating Board|
|Jubilee Memorial School||Salangtem||ICSE|
|Assam Rifles School||Mokochung||CBSE|
|Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalala||Golaghat||CBSE|
|Kendriya Vidyalaya||Neepco Doyang Wokha||CBSE|
Graduation and PG level courses
After completing 10+2 tier of education, a student can enroll for college education. There are many colleges in the state (offering B.A, B.Sc, B.Com) and a list containing names of few colleges is mentioned below-
- Dimapur College in Dimapur
- Alder College in Kohima
- Fazl Ali College in Mokokchung
- Bailey Baptist College in Workhas
- Mount Tiyi College in Wokha
- Kilenkaba Memorial College in Dimapur
Admission into these colleges is through college entrance test. Alternatively, a student will also have to get minimum cut off marks in the last qualifying examination as required by the enrolling college.
Nagaland University offers a number of courses at the post graduate level.
Professional options available
The Higher and Technical Education Department earned an independent status in the year 1983. Earlier, it was a part of the education department. This department is entrusted with the job of monitoring issues related to higher education in the state, in particular, formulating the education policies pertaining to higher education.
It usually works in tandem with the Nagaland University and the University Grants Commission.
Given below are names of few colleges offering professional academic programs in the state in different fields.
|Type of Colleges||College Name||Courses offered||Admission Criteria|
|Law Colleges||City Law College/Kohima Law College/Mokakchung Law College||LLB||Marks obtained in last qualifying examination(Bachelor degree examination)|
|Polytechnic Colleges||Kheloshe Polytechnic/Institute of Communication and Information Technology||Civil Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering||Common Entrance Test|
Education for Foreign students
There are few educational institutes in Nagaland which reserves seats for outstation and foreign students.
Hostels in Nagaland
Given below are names of hostels in the state where students can stay during the tenure of their academic program.
- Old MLA Hostel
- New Campus Boys’ Hostel