The education sector in Orissa was rather neglected and undeveloped even a couple of years ago, when the state government authorities did not pay attention to its development. The condition has however improved over the years with several private learning centers being constructed in the state. Today, Orissa is one of the prominent knowledge hubs of India. According to the census reports of 2011, Orissa has achieved a literacy rate of 73.5% which is a whopping rise from the 2001 literacy rate of 63.08%. However, Orissa is still characterized by a conservative society and therefore not many women residing in the state are literate. The central and state governments have introduced several plans that are working towards empowering the women of Orissa and teaching them the benefits of education especially in the tribal regions.
Education System in Orissa
The education system in Orissa is divided into different sections and the curriculum in institutions is prepared likewise to assist the students in learning and preparing them to face the job market. The different tiers of the Orissa education system are:
College or Bachelor Studies
University or Master Studies
Research / Doctorate
The languages Oriya, English and Hindi are used as the mediums of instruction in the educational institutions of Orissa. While the public institutes generally use Oriya and Hindi, English is used in private institutions.
Primary and Secondary Education in Orissa
The 10+2 structure of schooling is followed in Orissa. Children in Orissa take admission in schools by the age of five. There are three curriculums or boards followed in the schools of Orissa and every student has to give two board examinations, one at the end of class X and the second at the age of class XII to seek admission to a state college.
The All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) which is a part of the CBSE curriculum, the Orissa High School Certificate Examination which is classified under the Board of Secondary Education in Orissa (BSE) and the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) are the three boards that schools in Orissa are affiliated to. There is a core group of subjects taught in every school in the state. The group includes the subjects of science (comprising physics, biology and chemistry), languages (comprising Oriya, English and Hindi), mathematics (comprising arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, geometry, computer and set theory) and social studies (comprising history, civics, geography and economics). Extracurricular activities like music, dance and sports are always encouraged by teachers in schools of Orissa.
|Name of School||Location||Affiliation|
|Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya||Balasore||CBSE|
|St. Joseph’s Convent School||Khordha||ICSE|
|Vijaya High School||Mayurbhanj||ICSE|
|St. Xavier’s High School||Cuttack||CBSE|
|St. Gregorious High School||Rourkela||ICSE|
Graduation and PG Level Courses in Orissa
There are several colleges and universities in Orissa which impart quality education to students. Therefore not only the state candidates but also students from other Indian states come to join the general courses offered in these colleges and universities.
Agalpur Panchayat Samiti College
Location – Cuttack
Courses Offered – Arts and Science
Location – Berhampur
Courses Offered – Commerce, Pharmacy, Science and Computers
Location – Sambalpur
Courses Offered – Arts, Science and Journalism
Location – Bhubaneswar
Courses Offered – Arts, Science, Social Science and Commerce
Location – Cuttack
Courses Offered – Arts and Science
Orissa is home to a number of colleges, all of which are affiliated to the above mentioned universities. The colleges are located in various cities of the state. The marks secured in the board examinations of the XIIth standard are used as qualifying marks to seek admission to the colleges.
Professional Courses Offered in Orissa
Over the last couple of years, Orissa has become the favorite haunt for students who want to pursue professional courses after the completion of schooling. There are a number of professional learning centers in the state which attract students from several parts of India and all from around the world.
|Engineering||Sanjay Memorial Institute of Technology, Ajay Binay Institute of Technology, Balasore College of Engineering and Technology, C V Raman College of Engineering||BE / B.Tech|
|Law||Lingaraj Law College, Kalinga Law College, Bolangir Law College, Balgangadhar Tilak Law College||LL.B, LL.M|
|Architecture||Piloo – Mody College of Architecture, Ajay Binay Institute of Technology, Biju Patnaik University of Technology||B.Arch|
|Medical||MKCG Medical College, VSS Medical College, SCB Medical College, Hi-Tech Medical College and Hospital||MBBS|
|Management||Aadarsh Institute of Management and Science, Kiiit College, Institute of Management & Information Technology, WLC College India||MBA|
Education for Non Resident and Foreign Students in Orissa
The professional colleges in Orissa attract thousands of students from other states in India each year. The universities and colleges here also conduct foreign exchange programs, so students from other countries of the world often visit the colleges and universities for long periods of time. The enquiry desk in colleges and universities assist the non resident and foreign students round up on their preferred course of study and choose different facilities like hostels, etc.
Hostel Facilities in Orissa Institutes
Almost every institute in Orissa, especially the professional study centers has boarding facilities for students. There are separate and multiple boys and girls students’ hostels in each institute. The seats in these hostels are plenty. Admission is given only to students who are not residents of the city in which the institute is located. The security in these well equipped institutes is well in place and each student has to possess proper identity proofs to seek admission. Well known hostels in Orissa are:
Somli Student Home, Bhubaneswar
Youth Hostel, near Similipal Sanctuary
Kings Palace 1, Bhubaneswar
Students’ Hostel, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar
Students’ Hostel, Cuttack