It was during the British rule in India that the education system of the state of Tamil Nadu started prospering and growing by leaps and bounds. Education in Tamil Nadu, before the settlement of the English in the country and during the early years of the colonial rule, was a very private affair, with each household deciding whether their children will study in the different institutions across the state. Till the year 1813, the British East India Company did not promote education among the natives of the state of Tamil Nadu. It was in the later years, during the mid 19th century that several schools were established within Tamil Nadu. The grants that the state government authorities received from the central government were used for the promotion of education by building several schools and centers of higher education in and around Tamil Nadu. Today this South Indian state is a favorite haunt for students seeking higher education, especially professional education. According to the last census reports recorded in the year 2011, Tamil Nadu boasts of a literacy rate of 80.33% which is a giant leap from 73.45% recorded in the census of 2001.
Education System in Tamil Nadu
The education system of Tamil Nadu is classified into the different stages of:
- Pre Primary
- Upper Primary
- Higher Secondary
- College Education
- University Education
- Research Studies
The state government authorities have introduced the scheme of ‘Sarva Siksha Abhiyan’ in Tamil Nadu, following which a girl child till the age of five and all children belonging to poverty stricken families are entitled to receive free primary education in government schools across Tamil Nadu cities.
Primary and Secondary Education in Tamil Nadu
School education in Tamil Nadu is an elaborate process. Children have to go through several stages of schooling to reach college. Education begins at the age of four with the pre-primary stage of schooling where students are mostly asked to attend playschool and learn lessons through games. Then comes the primary stage of school where children are taught elementary lessons in various subjects. The upper primary stage of school comprises classes I and II, but is often merged with the primary school in several schools in Tamil Nadu. There are two board examinations that a candidate has to sit for to pass the school level of studies in Tamil Nadu, one is after the completion of class X and the next at the end of class XII. The Central Board of Secondary Examination (CBSE) and the Indian School Certificate Examination / Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) are the two boards followed in schools across Tamil Nadu.
|Name of School||Location||Affiliation|
|Kotagiri Public School||Nilgiris||CBSE|
|Lalaji Memorial Omega International School||Chennai||CBSE|
|Avvai Girls Higher Secondary School||Madurai||ICSE|
|Good Shepherd Public School||Ootacamund||ICSE|
College and University Education in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is one of the most visited states in India for higher education. There are a number of colleges in this South Indian state which boast of not only the best curriculum and facilities but also the best teachers. While Chennai is the hub of education in Tamil Nadu, the other cities and towns are also home to famous colleges. Here is a list of the most popular colleges and universities in Tamil Nadu to study in after school.
Located in Katpadi
Courses Offered – BA, B.Sc
A A Arts and Science College for Women
Located in Chennai
Courses Offered – BA, B.Sc
A J K College of Arts and Science
Located in Coimbatore
Courses Offered – Ba, B.Sc
Bishop Calldowell College
Located in Tuticorin
Courses Offered – BA, B.Sc, B.Com
C M S College of Science and Commerce
Located in Coimbatore
Courses Offered – B.Sc, B.Com
Asides popular colleges, Tamil Nadu is also home to more than 20 universities where students go to study special courses on the subject of their choice, continue with higher studies in the subject chosen at college level or take up research or doctorate studies. The best known universities of Tamil Nadu are:
Madurai Kamaraj University
Mother Teresa Women’s University
Professional Education in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is known not only for colleges offering general courses of study, but also for institutes that offer professional degrees and certificates. The professional opportunities in Tamil Nadu are many and therefore the demand for professional courses of study are also many. There are several institutes in Tamil Nadu which offer state of the art professional degrees in institutes which have the best faculty and the best equipments.
|Type of Colleges||Address||Courses Offered|
|Engineering||Indian Institute of Technology (Chennai), National Institute of Technology, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, SRM University||BE / B.Tech|
|Law||Central Law College, Dr Ambedkar Government Law College, Pangajam Academy of Law, Madurai Law College|